Ri-Bhoi District Portal

Government of Meghalaya

Basic Data of Umling Block

General Information:

a. Headquarter Address

Umling C & RD Block, Umling.

b. Area

84,630 Hectares Reported Area (Geographical Area 85,184 Hectare).

c. Total No. of Villages


d. Total No. of Population


e. Total No. of Household


f. Total No. of BPL Household

Data Not Available

g. Total No. of BPL

Data Not Available

h. No. of inhabited villages


i. Year of inception of the Block

2nd October, 1980

j. Average Rainfall

185 mm (During 2004 upto 31st March Average)

k. Average Temperature

26º C Maximum and 17º C Minimum.

l. Main occupation of the population

Cultivation (Agriculture & Horticulture).

m. No. of Constituencies

3 ( Nongpoh A/C, Part of Jirang A/C & Mawhati A/C )

n. Industrial Estate

1 (Byrnihat)

o. Density Population


Health Records / Facilities:


a. No. of C.H.C

1 ( Nongpoh CHC )

b. No. of P.H.C


c. No. of Dispensaries


Educational Facilities:


a. No. of colleges


b. No. of Higher Secondary Schools


c. No. of High Schools


d. No. of Middle Schools/Sr.Basic School


e. No. of Primary Schools/Jr.Basic/Pre-Primary


f. Adult Education Centre


g. Pre-Primary & I.C.D.S. Centre

115 and 48 Units/Centres.



a. Total surfaced road length

68 Kms from Umling

b. Kutcha road

119 Kms from Umling

c. National Highway

58 Kms from Umling

d. Inter-State Roads

58 Kms from Umling

e. No. of Post Office & Sub Post Office

1 Post Office at Nongpoh & 15 Sub-Post Office.

f. No. of Telegraph Office

1 at Nongpoh.

g. No. of Telephone Exchange

1 at Nongpoh.

Electricity Facilities:


a. No. of Electrified villages

185 Nos.

b. No. of Power Generating Station

2 Nos.  (Nongpoh & Byrnihat)

Land Classification:


a. Forest Area

26,756 Hectares

b. Area under Agriculture

12,360 Hectares

c. Area under Jhum cultivation

675 Hectares (including Paddy, Maize, Ginger & Arum)

d. Area under wheat cultivation


e. Net area sown

9499 Hectares

f. Area under Double Cropping

2861 Hectares

g. Area under Non-agriculture uses

6149 Hectares

h. Current fallow

3041 Hectares

i. Cultivable wasteland

19,091  Hectares

j. Fallow other than barren

3724 Hectares

k. Land under Misc. trees grown

9545 Hectares

l. Barren and cultivable land

6825 Hectares.

Area and Production of Major Crops:



a. Paddy

i) Winter

A-3962 Ha.

P-10720 MT.


ii) Jhum

A-32 Ha.

P-44 MT.

b. Ginger


A-24 Ha.

P-112 MT.

c. Tea


A-126 Ha

P-765 MT

d. Winter Vegetables


A-19 Ha

P-13 MT

e. Maize




f. Pine apple


A-2746 Ha.

P-31579 MT.

g. Turmeric


A-5 Ha.

P-33 MT.

Farm Equipment:


a. Number of Tractors

10 Nos.

b. Number of Power Tillers

55 Nos.

c. Number of sprayers

110 Nos.

Animal Husbandry & Veterinary:


a. Number of Dispensaries

6 Nos.

b. Number of Aid CentresK.V.Centre

5 Nos.

c. Number of Stockman Centre/Sub-Centre

2 Nos.

d. Number of Veterinary Doctors

3 Nos.

e. Number of Government Livestock Farms




a. Number of Multi Purposes Co-operative Societies

1 (One)

b. Agricultural Co-operative Societies

3 (Three)

c. Registered Non-Governmental Organisation

4 (FOur) (Umden, Byrnihat, Diwon and Umdihar)



a. No. of unregulated markets

6 Nos.

b. No. of recognised markets

4 Nos.

Banking Facilities:


a. No. of Banks

9 Nos.

b. Nationalised Banks

6 Nos.

c. Co-operative Bank

1 Nos.

d. Rural Banks

2 Nos.



a. No. of large scale Industries

2 Nos.

b. No. of small scale Industries

38 Nos.

Recreation Centres:


a. Cinema Hall / Video Hall

2 (Cinema Hall - 1; Video Hall – 1)

b. Sports Club

22 Nos. (as on 2004)

c. Village Community Hall

5 Nos.

d. Park

1 (Mini Park)

e. Playgrounds

10 Nos.

Historic Sites:


Nongtyrlaw Caves

Also known as Bat caves

Arts and Culture:


Traditional Institutions:



Bhoi, Mikir & Garo.


Shad Sajer


Local Bhoi Phawar


Bamboo works and Cane works

Food & Drinks:

i. Rice ( People are generally non-vegetarians)
ii. Bamboo shoot
iii. Atta
iv. Tea  v. Rice Beer, etc.


Traditional belief & Christianity.



Traditional Sport:


Price Index :

1. Rice

Rs. 14/- to Rs. 18/- per kg.

2. Sugar

Rs. 20/- per kg

3. Tealeaf

Rs. 150/- per kg

4. Salt

Rs. 8/- per kg

5. Onion

Rs. 10/- per kg

6. Potato

Rs. 7/- per kg

7. Dal

Rs. 36/- per kg

8. Turmeric Powder

Rs. 110/- per kg

9. Mustard Oil

Rs. 68/- per kg

10. Milk

Rs. 20/- per kg

11. Garlic

Rs. 65/- per kg

12. Chili

Rs. 45/- per kg

13. Vegetables

Rs. 16/- per kg

14. Ginger

Rs. 40/- per kg



Flow Irrigation Project


Name of the Project


a. Nongladew F.I.P.

Data Not Available

b. Patharkhmah F.I.P.

Data Not Available

c. Nongkylla Mikir  F.I.P.

Data Not Available

Total Irrigated Area

  450 Hectares

Expected to function

  200 Hectares

Raw Materials Produced for Agro-Based-Industries:

a. Ginger 

b. Pine Apple

c. Tea Leaf

Developmental Schemes:


a. E.A.S. (Presently Known as SGRY-I)

1. Aims at generating employment to the Rural BPL families
2. Creation of Durable Assets

b. J.G.S.Y. (Presently Known as SGRY-II)

1. Creation of Durable Assets
2. Assets to enable the rural poor to increase the opportunities for sustained employment
3. Creation of Village infrastructures

c. S.G.S.Y.

1. Formulation of Self Help Group among the BPL families/member of the same income group
2. To bring the BPL families above the Poverty Line
3. Self-Employment

d. I.A.Y.

Providing shelter to the needy and the poorest of the poor

e. M.P.L.A.D.

1. Creation of infrastructure in the village
2. Providing financial assistance to the Village Community

f. S.R.W.P.

Creation of Assets in the Village Community

g. C.R.R.P.

Creation of Rural Roads

h. N.O.A.P.

Pension benefit to the old age above 65 years

i. N.F.B.S.

Providing assistance to the family of the decease bread corner

j. C.D.Scheme

1. Agriculture - To provide goods/certified seeds/fertilizer to the farmers
2. Veterinary - Providing medicines/livestock to the livestock rearer
3. Health & Sanitation - Improve the health and living condition of the village community by providing sanitary latrine, drinking water supply, etc.
4. Education - a. Providing teaching materials to the school in the villages
b. Providing Benches and desks/sports materials
5. Roads - Improving the existing village roads and village footpath
6. Industries - Provide Materials/tools to the rural artisans.